New Neuroscience Model
In a computer the operating system/software and mechanical hardware are two completely different elements with completely different functions. As a computer is used it gets virtual upgrades to more advanced operating systems/software until the point where the mechanical hardware in place is no longer able to handle the upgraded operating systems/software. Then the mechanical hardware becomes obsolete and must be physically upgraded so that the more advanced operating systems/software can function effectively. So just like in computers, the cognitive mind and physical brain are two completely different elements. But in a human, the biological hardware that is the brain is obviously not replaced. The brain is physically upgraded through the process of being rewired by the continually advancing operating system/software that is the mind.
(Why the mind cannot just emerge from the brain – Mind Matters News https://mindmatters.ai/2020/02/why-the-mind-cannot-just-emerge-from-the-brain/)
One of the components of the mind is intelligence. All intelligence, be it associated with a computer or a biological body is the same.
("..you cannot have fake intelligence. If an agent behaves intelligently, it is intelligent. It is only the external behavior that defines intelligence; acting intelligently is being intelligent." – Cambridge University Press https://artint.info/2e/html/ArtInt2e.Ch1.S1.SS1.html)
This is because intelligence is just aggregated algorithms. An algorithm is aggregated math and math is simply aggregated information. A lot is already understood about how intelligence functions. That is why humans have been able to create computers with AI. But the only reason humans ‘feel’ that our intelligence is special is because of another mind component of emotion. Emotion is the unique component that makes human intelligence attain significance, purpose and drive. Both intelligence and emotion function through a process. Therefore, both are systems. So the human mind is comprised of an Intelligence System that interacts and collaborates with an Emotion System. This seamless integration is why humans ‘feel’ that human intelligence is somehow unique and is at the core of consciousness. But that feeling of intelligence uniqueness is really emotion.
(" Emotions are a central part of core consciousness." - Psychology Today https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/theory-knowledge/201701/understanding-emotions-and-how-process-them)
The mind retains (i.e. saves to memory) all sensory information input that the body sees, hears and experiences. In this process the mind’s force and transmission capacity to retain and use the information it has is limited by how the physical brain is neurologically wired. That is why information, in the form of memory, is in the mind and not in any one region of the brain.
("It has become increasingly clear, however, that consciousness is not confined to only one region of the brain." – Nature Magazine https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-019-02207-1)
It becomes necessary for the brain to be constantly rewired by the mind to accommodate the mind’s increasing force and transmission capacity needs.
(“Neurons are not spherical—neurons have a cell body, and then they have this long tail that allows them to connect to many other cells...The brain literally is a network" – Wired Magazine
Since the mind is separate from the brain, this rewiring process is accelerated by neural communication within the brain self-propagating across brain tissue and leaping wirelessly from neurons in one section of brain tissue to another.
("..activity can generate electric fields which in turn activate neighboring cells, constituting a form of neural communication without chemical synaptic transmission or gap junctions." - Science Alert https://www.sciencealert.com/neuroscientists-say-they-ve-found-an-entirely-new-form-of-neural-communication)
The more the mind is stimulated to retain and use information, the more the mind must rewire and upgrade the brain’s capabilities. But the physical brain resists the cognitive mind rewiring it. And just like any process that is constantly meeting resistance, there must be purpose and drive behind the process for it to succeed. Within the mind, emotion is the only component providing the purpose and drive for intelligence to succeed. So it is emotion that acts as a catalyst to stimulate intelligence to rewire the brain by accelerating the force and transmission capacity for intelligence to retain and use information.
("Consciously changing deeply wired-in responses is difficult, but it generally involves a clear step-by-step process" - Psychology Today
Let’s now take a deeper dive into the mind to explain who You are; the identity you sense and perceive your ‘Self’ to be. Your ‘Self’ identity includes your core attributes of personality, talents, likes, dislikes, strengths, weaknesses and Personal Knowledge Base. You are also the decision maker. The other mind components of divergent Thought, Intuition and Emotion only present choices for you to make decisions on. These choices are a form of guidance and influence on you that have helped determine who you are now. These other mind components have been guiding and influencing you throughout your whole life as you were making decisions. Influencing you for good and for bad as well as for collaboration and for conflict (i.e. Cognitive Relativity). Yes, this process of interaction between you and your other mind components has been so seamless and fluid that you have always considered your thinking to be the function of one solitary mind component. But it is not. Only you the ‘Self’ makes the ultimate decisions on the choices the other mind components present to you.
("...what we call “self” is a cluster concept which includes a sufficient number of characteristic features. Taken together, a certain pattern of characteristic features constitute an individual self." - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Jesus and Buddha described these mind components masked in the cloak of religious terms. They described the essence of a human, the soul/personality, being its own entity that exists separately regardless the state of the physical body. But societal evolution has now advanced enough for these concepts to finally be openly unmasked in scientific terms.
(“A new research study contradicts the established view that so-called split-brain patients have a split consciousness. Instead, the researchers behind the study have found strong evidence showing that despite being characterized by little to no communication between the right and left brain hemispheres, split brain does not cause two independent conscious perceivers in one brain.” – Science Daily
The last aspect that needs to be described has also, up to now, been masked in religious terms. It deals with where the informational-choices come from that are presented to you by the other mind components. In essence, the other mind components perform a function similar to highly advanced search apps that also originate their information from one source but are customized and personalized for each unique mobile device – which in this case is you. Yes, you are unique, like your iris and fingerprint.
(“Scientists say your “mind” isn’t confined to your brain, or even your body.” – QZ
Furthermore, out of all the mind components, only you are curious. Only you ask questions. If you already have the answers you need within your Personal Knowledge Base then you would not be asking questions. The act of asking questions means you are seeking answers from a source outside of your Personal Knowledge Base. So when you ask questions internally, the responses are coming in the form of choices from the other mind components. Then you perceive those choices as answers to the questions you asked. The mind components of Creative and Reactive Thought offer you the positive and negative information-based answers that you did not know before to facilitate creativity and then innovation.
So the process within our complex matrix ecosystem is one where you have free-will to make unique random choices on existing Universal Knowledge Base information for the purpose of co-creating completely new experiences and innovation that has never existed before. But people have not understood this process and therefore have only used it incidentally. With this process unmasked, you are now empowered to use your mind components intentionally, like tools from a toolbox. Yet, this can only happen if you ask questions.
In computer terms, asking questions is like initializing command prompts that has three outcomes. Questions:
1. Give you the mandate to set the agenda for the other mind components to follow and focus on.
2. Always prompt a response from the other mind components. Be it in the form of a complete answer, an assumption or just a hint.
3. Unlock and make room in your Personal Knowledge Base to receive and store new information from the answers you receive.
When you are not asking questions the other mind components are guiding and influencing you with their own agenda. Also without asking questions your Personal Knowledge Base is blocked from retaining any new information, therefore severely limiting your ability to innovate. In essence, you are either using the other mind components or they are using you. The other mind components using you has been observed by Psychology and given many different labels. One of those labels is ‘automaticity’ or the ability to effortlessly take actions. This ability of being able to act without really thinking about it is the state most people are engaged in most of the time.
So now we understand there to be two types of completely different mind functions that can happen in your mind. The first type is where you are able to make effortless and fast decisions on the agenda the other mind components set for you. There is no potential for Self-identity growth in this reactive mindset. Therefore it has also been labeled by Psychology as a ‘fixed mindset’. Then there is the secondary type mind function comprised of laborious and slow thinking. Within this type of thinking you are setting the agenda by asking questions, analyzing the answers to those questions and accessing your own personal knowledge base to solve problems. There is nearly unlimited potential for Self-identity growth in this creative mindset. This has been labeled by Psychology as a ‘growth mindset’. Again, you are either using your mind components by asking questions or the mind components are using you. That is why questions are the linchpin to the cognitive process of originating new ideas for innovation.
All the aspects dealing with a personal knowledge base, questions, and growth mindset are integrated within a higher-level understanding of what sentience is. And that understanding is best explained by outlining the difference between humans and AI: